Indiana University

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Degrees and Diplomas

The Jacobs School of Music is a professional school that offers instruction at the highest level in a wide variety of curricula to meet the needs of many students. Students choose a specific degree because of career interests, ability and background. Each degree places its own set of demands on students, and as a member of this faculty you should be aware of the various components of your students' degree programs as you set your expectations for achievement in your own area. The Jacobs School of Music Bulletin contains complete descriptions of all degrees.

A B.M. student in performance, for example, is expected to have the highest level of performance achievement of any of the undergraduate degree students; a student on the B.S. in Music and an Outside Field degree has another area of interest just as strong as that in music; a B.M.E. student must have public speaking ability and an appropriate personality in addition to musical preparation to be successful; a student in the B.S. Recording Arts degree requires music listening skills and a sophisticated knowledge of acoustics and electronics.

It is vital to the maintenance of a healthy atmosphere in the school that we all avoid placing any of our degree students in the position of feeling like second-, third-, or fourth-class citizens. To do this, we should not only use one measure of excellence for all students, but should also be aware of the variety of qualities necessary for the various degree programs. Your sense of worth or prestige as a faculty member should not depend on which degree program your students are in, but rather on the care and expertise with which you help them meet the requirements of their various programs. Mutual respect across areas and degree programs will enhance the excellence we all wish to foster.

Following are general descriptions of the degrees and diplomas currently offered by the School of Music:

Undergraduate Programs


A.S. The Associate of Science degree is typically a two-year program and is offered in two areas related to music: recording arts and string instrument technology. These programs do not necessarily require a background in music unless they are being used as the outside field for a B.S.O.F. degree in music.

B.M. The Bachelor of Music degree can be in performance (historical or modern instrument or voice), in composition, or in jazz studies. The performance and jazz degrees prepare students for solo and ensemble performing careers or for private applied music teaching. The composition degree provides the skills necessary to begin a career as a professional composer.

B.M.E. For students whose interest is in teaching band, orchestra, chorus, or general music in the public schools, the Bachelor of Music Education provides the courses and experiences necessary for teaching certification in the state of Indiana and, by reciprocity agreement, in most other states. The B.M.E curricula include specializations in either general music, choral music, instrumental (band) or instrumental (string). The B.M.E. degree requires more courses than any other music degree; although it can be accomplished in eight semesters, most B.M.E. students choose to study one or more summers or an extra semester or two to lighten the course load. B.M. students can also be certified to teach after completing an undergraduate degree in performance by following it with a Master of Science in Music Education graduate degree, which includes teaching certification.

B.S.O.F. The Bachelor of Science in Music and an Outside Field is designed to provide students an opportunity to study music as a major and also another field at nearly the level of a major (27 credit hours). The field in music can be instrumental or vocal performance, composition, jazz studies, or ballet. The outside field can be in any other degree-granting area of the university; some of the most common choices are languages, theater, business, telecommunications, speech, and mathematics. The outside field can also consist of the major field coursework of one of the A.S. degrees in music-related technical areas (see above). Yet another option for the outside field is an "Individualized Cognate Area." This consists of 27 credit hours in a variety of fields carefully selected to meet some particular interest of a student. For example, a student may be interested in music therapy (an area in which IU Bloomington does not have a degree program). By choosing specific courses from music, music education, recreation, and psychology, a student could construct an Individualized Cognate Area which would leave only a minimal amount of additional graduate and clinical work for certification as a music therapist. Students who wish to pursue an Individualized Cognate Area must have two faculty advisors and have the chosen program of study approved.

B.S. Bachelor of Science degrees are also offered in recording arts and in ballet. These programs prepare students for professional careers in these fields.

Master's Programs


M.A. The Master of Arts is a degree that focuses on musicology and is awarded by the University Graduate School. In addition, there is a dual degree program combining the Master of Arts in musicology and the Master of Library Science.

M.M. The Master of Music degree is offered in music performance, conducting (choral, instrumental, and wind), early music, jazz studies, organ and church music, composition, computer music composition, and music theory. In addition, there is a dual degree program combining the Master of Music in music theory and the Master of Library Science. The Master of Music degree in performance often expects the highest level of performance of any of the academic degrees. Most of the students who pursue this degree have professional performance ambitions.

M.M.E. The Master of Music Education degree presupposes an undergraduate degree in music education, although some students with interests in music pedagogy also may be accepted. The focus of this degree is usually the further development of knowledge and skills in a particular teaching area, or preparation for research at the doctoral level.

M.S. The Master of Science degree is offered in Stage Direction for Opera and in Music Education. The focus of the opera degree is on specific skills in opera stage direction. These students do not have the music theory and history requirements of other master's degrees in music. The Master of Science in Music Education is offered to students who have an undergraduate degree in a musical field other than music education and who want to meet the requirements for state music teaching certification. This degree includes all the music theory, history, and performance requirements of other master's degrees in music.

Doctoral Programs


D.M. The Doctor of Music degree is offered in all performance areas of the School, and in composition, choral conducting, instrumental conducting, wind conducting, early music, and organ and church music. It is expected that students in this program intend to pursue college music teaching as a career.

D.M.E. The Doctor of Music Education degree is a professional music education doctorate with emphasis on band conducting and literature, choral methodology, college music teaching, instrumental methodology, or supervision and administration.

Ph.D. The Doctor of Philosophy degree is awarded through the university Graduate School in music education, music theory and musicology. The Ph.D. requires extensive scholarly preparation.

Diploma Programs


P.D.  The Performer Diploma is designed to provide concentrated performance study without the academic requirements of a graduate degree program. The level of performance ability expected is that of an exiting M.M. student.

A.D. The Artist Diploma has the highest level of performance expectations of any degree or diploma program in the school. The few students accepted to this program should already be on a level of performance necessary for admission to the first round of an international performance competition.

Other Programs


V.S. A student who wishes to come to Bloomington for no more than one academic year for a particular purpose may be admitted as a Visiting Student. Unlike degree candidates, visiting students need not meet English language proficiency requirements, and beyond maintaining a full credit hour load and participating in ensemble, are not required to enroll in any prescribed curriculum. Visiting students can be admitted only after the needs of degree students have been met, especially in restricted areas such as performance study. Visiting students are not eligible for financial aid.

N.D. Non-degree status is available on an exceptional basis for undergraduate- and graduate-level students who wish to study for a particular purpose (such as extending teaching certification) for a short period of time (summer session, for example). Non-degree students generally are required to participate in an ensemble.