(*)

Research

The Role of the Arts

The Role of the Arts in School Reform
Lissa May and Brenda Brenner

National Policy and the Arts

  • Ravitch (2010)
  • Darling-Hammond (2010)
  • California Music Project, Music for All Foundation (2004)
  • Abril & Gault (2006)
  • McMurrer (2008)
The Value of the Arts in Cognitive and Social Development
  • Phonemic awareness and reading development
    • Anvari, Trainor, Woodside & Levy, 2002
    • Barwick, Falentine, West & Wilding, 1989
    • Buzlaff, 2000
    • Douglas & Willats, 1994
    • Gromko, 2005
    • Patel & Iverson, 2007
    • Standley & Hughes, 1997
The Value of the Arts in Cognitive and Social Development
  • Cognitive development
    • Bilhartz, Bruhn & Olsen, 2000
    • Costa-Giomi, 1999
    • Shellenberg, 2005
    • Schlaug, Norton, Overy & Winner, 2005
  • Brain plasticity
    • Moreno et al., 2009
    • Hyde et al., 2009
  • Standardized test results
    • Johnson & Memmott, 2006
  • Self-confidence and identity
    • Costa-Giomi, 2004
    • Hallam, 2010
    • Richard et al., 2013
    • Trusty & Oliva, 1994

Fairview Elementary School

Fairview School
  • Urban neighborhood school
  • Clientele from government housing project, trailer courts, apartments, and a protective shelter for homeless and abused families
  • 90% free and reduced lunch
  • 38% non-Caucasian
  • Site of hearing impaired program for school district
  • Has not met AYP for more than 10 years
  • Moved to new building in 2010  and restructured as Bernstein Artful Leaning School 
All Students are Capable of Learning
Fairview student
Teacher behavior affects the learning process

Violin teacher

Research Challenges

  • Teacher and administrator turnover
  • Variable assessments between schools
  • Access to students for pre-and post-testing
  • Transient students 

Outcomes for Fairview Students

  • Skills such as listening, ability to focus, discipline, and working with others carry over to other aspects of school
  • Academically and behaviorally challenged students often more successful in violin class
  • Confidence and self-esteem

Teaching is Teamwork

  • Teachers view themselves as part of a team
    • With fellow instructors and mentors
  • Ideas shared and implemented
    • With children
  • Listening
  • Student led classes
  • Games
  • Who is learning from whom?

Violin Students

Changes in Attitude and Behavior of Families

Audience

Policy Implications

  • Impact of small-scale projects to demonstrate the power of arts to impact children
  • Need educational policy that breaks the cycle generational poverty
    • Guarantee expert teachers for all children across curriculum
    • Assure a consistent, sustainable, motivational environment
    • Create opportunities for strong community-school relationships

Teacher Development as Avenue to Goals

  • High quality pre- and in-service professional development central to improving student achievement
  • School/university partnerships
  • Observation of master teaching
  • Opportunities for per-service practice within school environment